Saturday, July 18, 2015

How well do you know the 18 languages of this year's IOL? Match sentence to language!


So, following up on yesterday's posts about the 18 languages of this years International Linguistics Olympiad: how well do you know them? Here is a phrase in all of the languages, can you guys match the pairs (without googling)? I've also snuck in one extra language, 2 bonus point if you can label it. The correct answer is found at the bottom, in tiny light-yellow print (copy-paste to elsewhere to read). Happy pairing, let us know how you did in the comments!
  1. One language is never enough
  2. Един език никога не е достатъчен   (Edin ezik nikoga ne e dostatãčen)
  3. 種語言永遠不夠 [一种语言永远不够] (yīzhǒng yǔyán yǒngyuǎn bùgòu)
  4. Jeden jazyk nikdy nestačí
  5. Eén taal is nooit genoeg
  6. Ühest keelest ei piisa kunagi
  7. Une seule langue n'est jamais suffisante
  8. 言語を一つは決して足りない (gengo o hitotsu wa kesshite tarinai)
  9. Ar vienu valodu nekad nepietiek
  10. Jeden język nigdy nie wystarcza
  11. O singură limbă nu ajunge niciodată
  12. Одного языка никогда не достаточно (Odnovo jazyka nikogda nedostatočno)
  13. En jezik ni nikoli dovolj
  14. Ett språk är aldrig nog
  15. Bir dil asla yeterli değildir
  16. Однієї мови ніколи не досить (Odnijeji movy nikoly ne dosyt')
  17. Un idioma nunca es suficiente
  18. Egy nyelv sosem elég
  19. Unu lingvo neniam sufiĉas



  • A Estonian (Finnic, Uralic)
  • B English (American & British version separate) (Germanic, Indo-European)
  • C Swedish (Germanic, Indo-European)
  • D Spanish (Romance, Indo-European)
  • E Hungarian (Hungarian, Uralic)
  • F French (Romance, Indo-European)
  • G Bulgarian (Slavic, Indo-European)
  • H Romanian (Romance, Indo-European)
  • I Russian (Slavic, Indo-European)
  • J Mandarin Chinese (Sinitic, Sino-Tibetan)
  • K Dutch (Germanic, Indo-European)
  • L Slovene (Slavic, Indo-European)
  • M Polish (Slavic, Indo-European)
  • N Turkish (Oghuz, Turkic)
  • O Japanese (Japonic)
  • P Czech (Slavic, Indo-European)
  • Q Latvian (Baltic, Indo-European)
  • R Ukrainian (Slavic, Indo-European)



  • Here's a map from AMCharts showing all the countries that are participating in this years contest.


    ******DON'T LOOK BELOW IF YOU'RE NOT DONE :)! ******

    Correct answers: 1B, 2G, 3J, 4P, 5K, 6A, 7F, 8O, 9Q, 10M, 11H, 12I, 13L, 14C, 15N, 16R, 17D, 18E and 19: Esperanto!

    19 comments:

    1. In 12., "недостаточно" should be written separately ("не достаточно"): it's written together when it's used in the meaning of "too few" (but then it can't be used with the strenghtening "никогда"), but separately when it's a distinct negation.
      P.S. 15 correct :)

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    2. 100% Correct! And the bonus points, kompreneble :-)

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    3. Beware of people who claim to have made 1 mistake! (I had 4.)

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    4. A web site about languages should not make mistakes like "if your not done".

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      Replies
      1. I'm sorry, it sometimes hard as a second language speaker and person more used to thinking in IPA to adhere to the arbitrary rules of English spelling practices, despite being aware of what it means to communicate in the right code at the right time - this is an error that sometimes crops up. I'll correct it, naturally.

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      2. Here is the link to the previous post that you have missed: http://international-linguistics-olympiad.blogspot.com.au/2015/07/the-18-languages-of-13th-international.html

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    5. I made 2 mistakes: I switched Romanian and Esperanto. Romanian is more — or rather otherwise — different to other Romance languages than I imagined.

      Also, I would have mistaken Estonian for Finnish if it hadn't been a multiple-choice question, and not known Ukrainian either (but with Russian and Bulgarian out of the way, it was the only one that fit).

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    6. Far too easy, sorry. Why no interesting languages from, let's say, South-America or Africa???
      Europocentric (if that's a word...)

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      Replies
      1. Because these were the languages that this years IOL problem set is in, please read the post and the previous post more carefully if you want to know more.

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    7. Labeled Czech as Slovak, but in Slovak it seems to be the same...

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    8. This comment has been removed by the author.

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      1. 1) only the nation of South Korea participates in the IOL, North Korea has never sent a team. The sentence before the image clearly indicates that it is highlighting countries that are participating, not countries where the 18 languages are spoken. That would be a drastically different map.

        2) The South Korean team has repeatedly chosen to compete in English, they have not requested to compete in Korean.

        To see the registered countries of this year, please follow this link: http://iol13.linguistics-bg.com/registered-teams/

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    9. This comment has been removed by the author.

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    10. All correct, + bonus for Esperanto!
      But the multiple-choice version was far too easy. I would not have recognized Swedish (I don't see the differences between Norwegian and Swedish).

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      Replies
      1. Good job! Well as I have said many times and I can say many times again: these are the 18 languages that the contest is taking place in. It is a easy sample from some perspectives, they're almost all indo-european and many people following the IOL and in general on the internet know into-european languages better than others. However, it's lots of slavic ones that one might confuse.

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    11. Vooral die Slavische talen zijn lastig, inderdaad. Na veel puzzelen en gokken bleek ik alleen Tsjechisch en Sloveens omgewisseld te hebben.

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